The tool guides you step-by-step through 6 c riteria points so you can determine whether or not a website is credible. Use these sites with caution, checking for credibility and authority. See also this article on , an artist who makes a career out of tricking gullible journalists. The authors of articles in The Humanist do not appear to be scholars, but rather political activists. Find out when the source was published or revised.
Get an A in a certain class. Does he or she jump from point to point without completing any thoughts? Is the language very simple with lots of pictures? A given article may be completely and verifiably true, but there is no academic authority to validate its truth. If your topic is not so current, it is often acceptable to go back ten or even twenty years for your sources. Are they keeping up with the news to build reading and critical thinking skills? Look for endings on some sites like. However be aware that company websites are used to promote, so be sure the information is non-biased. If you want to write on a current event or the latest technology, you will likely find that Google will point you to lots of social media posts, blog entries, and news articles; however, when you go to look up the same event in a database of scholarly database, if you find anything at all, it will seem out of date and possibly irrelevant. What are some authoritative websites on.
Fish and Wildlife Services might provide the same family of information without agenda bias. Are they respected and well-known in the field? You will have to back it up with authoritative evidence. Where to Find Credible Sources for Your Research Paper. This will probably involve more specific keywords. You will probably not find a whole book that examines the specific set of questions I am asking here.
To create this article, 71 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. Please give an e-mail address so we know where to send your answer. This guide will help you in evaluating whether a source is relevant or not. Of course, vetted sources are a good start but only get students so far. If no author or organization is named, the source should not be considered highly credible.
It's probably not peer-reviewed, either. You will often be asked to research your topic using primary sources, but secondary sources will tell you which primary sources you should use and will help you interpret those primary sources. However, they are written to entertain a lay audience, not to inform a scholarly audience. Sometimes research is necessary to determine relationships that indicate the possibility of bias; look up the author and the publishing institution to see if they have been accused of biased work in the past. Investigate the financial or funding sources for sponsored research. Never use Web sites where an author cannot be determined, unless the site is associated with a reputable institution such as a respected university, a credible media outlet, government program or department, or well-known non-governmental organizations.
What questions would you ask of this handout? They are written to inform, not entertain, and assume a high level of previous knowledge because they are written specifically to people who have a vested professional interest in technical information relevant to their specialization. Because good scholarship takes time, the most thoughtful, most insightful, most comprehensive reactions to any current event are rarely the first ones published. There are two types of evidence. Its contributors are not necessarily experts, nor are its reviewers; it often does not cite sources for its claims, and those references it does cite can be of dubious authority themselves. How do you know that your sources are of value? Hence, you are expected to use materials published not later than 10 years ago. This superabundance of information has made it imperative that citizens learn to judge the reliability of news reports and other sources of information that is passed along their social networks. Is a specific agenda put forth through the selection of data or the manipulation of evidence? Sometimes there's a list of references, but we can't count on it for the article on Tyrannosaurus Rex.
Evaluate the professionalism of production. Take all these together, and it turns out Wikipedia is not an academic source. If one or more of your sources proves problematic, you will find yourself deleting sections of your paper and scrambling for new sources at the last second. That is an assessment you must make from your own perspective. It's peer reviewed, kind of… but the people reviewing it aren't necessarily experts in their field, so it doesn't count.
Academically credible websites will usually have a web address that ends in. However, you can use a Wikipedia article to find reliable sources. What type of audience is this source aimed at? What kinds of sources did the author use? This structure of credibility and authority prevents material being published which contains false data or speculation that could mislead its audience. If so, it should have a clear bibliography that you will also be able to consult for further sources. This listening and worksheet helps students to understand what is considered a credible source and why. That solution is offered by Eli Pariser, who and on filter bubbles. For example, an article about airline security written before Sept.
Instead, scholarship — including your own scholarly work — is about generating brand new knowledge. What is the purpose of a source? Before using one of these websites, remember, a good fact checking service will use neutral wording and will provide unbiased, authoritative sources to support their claims. In most cases it is. Scholarly writers are held to a higher standard of rigor than casual writers and even some branches of journalism. Are they an expert or are they less experienced with the topic? It should be written in an academic formal style and quite difficult to read. Always take into account what type of sources your audience will value. Often you can learn most of what a book can tell you by reading the preface and the introduction and scanning the table of contents and index.