Only the large farmers and landlords have been immensely benefitted by adopting green revolution. The seeds of the fruits of several trees, such as Pongamia Glabra, Bassia Latifolia the Mahua tree and Melia Azadirachta the Neem tree are also pressed, and the refuse is employed as manure, chiefly in the coffee districts. It has one great advantage in that the urine is not lost, as it generally is. One of the earliest expressions of the concern of the British administration that Indian agriculture had by and large continued along its traditional lines, and that large-scale improvements were called for, is found in the famous despatch of the Court of Directors in 1854 which declared that: There is no single advantage that could be afforded to the rural population of India that would equal the introduction of an improved system of agriculture. The whole system appears to be one designed to cover the land, and thereby to prevent the bareness and consequent loss to the soil which would result from the sun beating down upon it, and from the loss of moisture which it would incur. India is the largest producer in the world of milk, cashew nuts, coconuts, tea, ginger, turmeric and black pepper.
Area-specific intensive programmes were implemented. Moreover, these societies may be transformed into a multi-purpose society with sufficient funding capacity. In the 60s, the sector employed only 4. When it comes to rural electrification, the Indian government has managed to bring lights to 5,93,732 2013 figures villages as compared to 3061 in 1950. Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output.
Before the 18th century, cultivation of sugarcane was largely confined to India. The target for 2011-2012 has been fixed at Rs 4, 75,000 crore. Most of its agriculture exports serve developing and least developed nations. Sir William Wilcocks severely criticises the modern administrators and officials, who, with every opportunity to call in expert technical assistance, have hitherto done nothing to remedy this disastrous situation, growing worse from decade to decade. Indian exports, at the latter part of British Raj mainly comprised of foodgrains, cotton, jute, opium and indigo.
Indian agriculture is characterized by agro-ecological diversities in soil, rainfall, temperature, and cropping system. In Bengal with its copious rainfall, shallow ponds are the most suitable works, and these were numerous in olden times, sometimes of very large dimensions. Specifically, there were few improvements in seeds, agricultural implements,. Demand for foodgrains in India has been declining and some of this decline indicates an increase in consumer welfare. It has become one of the world's largest supplier of rice, cotton, sugar and wheat. However the growth rate of the agriculture sector in India has been fluctuating. Indian spice exports find mention in the works of Ibn Khurdadhbeh 850 , al-Ghafiqi 1150 , Ishak bin Imaran 907 and Al Kalkashandi fourteenth century.
Governmental efforts have led to the expansion of the network of State highways and major district roads, which in turn has directly contributed to industrial growth. Presently, the total net irrigated area covers 45. The large and increasing demand for wood for rail roads and for building purposes encouraged it… It is quite sad to look up the bare hills and barren plains where extensive forests were recently in existence. Indian Agriculture At The End Of The 19th Century Extracts from Various British Accounts of the Period 1. As the result, I have no hesitation whatever in saying that amongst cultivators the reason why they burn dung is that they have no wood; and that if wood could be made cheap and accessible to them, there would be an enormous increase in the amount of manure available for the soil.
Land Ownership: Although the ownership of agricultural land in India is fairly widely distributed, there is some degree of concentration of land holding. Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output. Institutional Sources: The main motive of institutional credit is to assist the farmers in raising their agricultural productivity and maximising their income. Indian Rice cultivation per hectare in 30 quintal, while that of China it is 63 qunital and for Egypt it is 88 qunital. To ensure the involvement of the people in the development of villages, the Government of India appointed a committee headed by Balwant Rai Mehta in January 1957. From 1891 to 1946, output of all crops grew at 0. Diversification of crops was also observed and non-traditional crops such as soybeans and peanuts gradually gained importance.
In looking over the syllabus in agriculture, it is clear to me that it has been drawn on an English and not on an Indian model. Achievements of the British educational system There is very little doubt that the tendency of education in the past has been too much in a purely literary direction, and that it has been diverted from, rather than turned towards, the staple industry of the country, viz. Nor need our British farmers be surprised at what I say, for it must be remembered that the natives of India were cultivators of wheat centuries before we in England were. The greater part of the soil, moreover, is under irrigation, and consequently bears two crops in the course of the year. . Mentor of Agricultural Undergo in India 2.
He knows, too, the harm of using fresh dung, and that it will attract the white-ants, and that they, in turn, will destroy the crop. Achieving independence was a tremendous task. This rate for food grains was only 0. The Land Tenure System was prominent. In the alluvial basins of the Ganges and the Indus the most suitable irrigation works are canals from these rivers; while away from the rivers, wells are the most suitable.