The wrathful fought in the muddy water and the sullen sank beneath it and lamented in gurgling voices. Dante shall leave behind not his hope, but his hesitation, fulfilling the divine will to go through Hell and see the suffering of people and other beings who were unfaithful to God. Notably, Dante spoke with there, who predicted that the current pope would also be damned for that sin. Dante feels comforted to hear that his beloved Beatrice has gone to Heaven and cares so much for him. After setting them down safely among the rocks at the edge of the Eighth Circle of Hell, Geryon returns to his domain.
Having recognized these thieves as Florentines, Dante sarcastically praises Florence for earning such widespread fame not only on Earth but also in Hell. A nearby demon voices the suspicion that the soul merely intends to escape the demons' tortures and seek the relative relief of the pitch below. Environment: rugged and narrow, bridge broke and created a trench. There the avaricious and the prodigal rolled weights around in opposite directions, berating each other for their sins. Worse than any violence, however, is the sin of fraud, which breaks the trust of a man and therefore most directly opposes the great virtue of love.
All the damned souls are waiting in the endless line until the boat of Charon the Ferryman will take them to the other side of Acheron. Virgil encourages Dante to speak with him. Specifically named sinners: Griffolino d' Arezzo, Capocchio. Now, however, the drops consist of filth and excrement, and a horrific stench fills the air. Punishment: Blasphemers: lay on back in sand, Sodomites: run in circles, Usurers: huddle in sand, all while being rained on by fire. Next, by using a metaphor, he describes the fate of the adulterous sinners and their punishment as being battered eternally by the winds and storms of hell, as they were figuratively battered by the winds of passion in their lives on earth.
Dante feels a cold wind sweeping across the lake, and Virgil tells him that they will soon behold its source. The souls in this ring—those who were violent against themselves or their possessions Suicides and Squanderers, respectively —have been transformed into trees. Specifically named sinners: Capaneus Functionaries: statue from Crete, Jove, Virgil. Follow a blank banner forever. As they approach through the fog, they behold its true form. Some of the sinners of the Third Zone, the Falsifiers of Coins, mingle among these souls.
Though Dante is not directly saying it, he is still able to link his work to the historic past of ancient Greece the Trojan War and Rome Virgil at the same time. They ask if courtesy and valor still characterize their city, but Dante sadly replies that acts of excess and arrogance now reign. Disgusted by maggots, stung by wasps never stung by conscience in life A clap of thunder restores Dante to consciousness. At one point, Boniface asked him for advice on how to conquer Palestrina formerly called Penestrino, it served as the fortress of the Ghibelline Colonna family. This is another case in which Dante draws on mythological characters that would not exist if it were not for the classical texts. Though Virgil encourages Dante to go inside without hesitation, saying that he is under the divine protection and no dangers of Hell will threaten him.
Dante watches incredulously as a horrible creature rises up before them. In the second, flatterers were mired in a stew of human excrement. When Dante replies that he does not, the shade announces himself as Ciacco, saying that he spent his earthly life in Florence. Dante sees a woman, Myrrha, who lusted after her father and disguised herself as another in order to gratify her lust. Virgil replies that since that day will bring the perfection of all creation, their punishments will be perfected as well. Thre other Florentines, also people Dante respected, asked him news about the city, and he said that it was doing badly.
Virgil Leads Dante Away from the Beasts Dante is relieved to have found a guide as wise and capable as Virgil, and he asks Virgil to help him get past the beasts on the hill. Dante is still hopeful that he can climb the mountain, encouraged by the bright rays of the sun. Dante asks if any souls have ever received permission to leave Limbo for Heaven, and Virgil names a number of Old Testament figures—Noah, Moses, and others. In Canto 1 of Dante's Inferno, Dante finds himself ''in a gloomy wood, astray'' in the middle of his life. One of the men, Jacomo da Sant'Andrea, falls behind and leaps into a bush; vicious dogs have been pursuing him, and now they rend him to pieces.
Now Paolo and Francesca are doomed to spend eternity in the Second Circle of Hell. The Inferno is generally thought to be the best and most interesting part, which may be a result of its inverse structure: the moral plot is less visible because Dante descends into Hell. Dante is walking through the woods and is afraid that he has lost his way. After hearing Ulysses' story, Virgil and Dante start down their path again, only to be stopped by another flame-immersed soul. He is, also, forever chewing upon Judas, the man who betrayed Christ. Contrapasso: Thought were more powerless God, but are now powerless as it rains fire Location: 7th Circle, Ring 3. Dante gathers the bush's scattered leaves and gives them to the bush.
Punishment: detained in boling pitch, stabbed by malebranche. Specifically named sinners: Alexander the great, Attila the Hun, Guy Montfort. The sight comforts him, and he attempts to climb the mountain. Since his journey will take him back to the world of the living, he offers to spread their names among men if they will tell him their stories. Tears flow through the cracks in the statue, gathering at his feet. Thus, a trio of holy women watches over Dante from above.