The general movement is of degree of severity. Many of those characters are not well known to the average reader. They came to a stinking valley. The Sixth Circle of Hell houses the Heretics, and there Dante encounters a rival political leader named Farinata. Because Satan was a rebellious and jealous competitor to human beings, or to Jesus, he is characterized as a fallen angel or demon that now rules the underworld. The event, known as the , would have occurred in A. Inside the gate there is something resembling an enormous cave, where constant weeping and cries are heard.
Dante hears the terrible story of Count Ugolino, who is gnawing the head and neck of Archbishop Ruggieri, due to Ruggieri's treacherous treatment of him in the upper world. He also suffered serious self-doubts, natural for a man in exile. Those whose attitude toward material goods deviated from the appropriate are punished in the fourth circle. He moves on to the third zone called Ptolomea, where traitors against their guests suffer, immobilized in ice and their tears frozen against their eyes. Circle Eight — 8 Pockets Various Sins The eighth circle of Hell has pockets.
The gluttons grovel in the mud by themselves, sightless and heedless of their neighbors, symbolizing the cold, selfish, and empty sensuality of their lives. The souls that are wait for their place in Hell look more content than the ones who are left and forgotten in Ante-Inferno, be they people or angels. In each ditch a different category of fraud is punished in a different, uniquely appropriate, way. The eigth circle was Malebolge, and was formed of ten different enclosures in which different kinds of fraud were punished. . The Fifth Circle is for the Wrathful and Sullen such as the Black Guelph Filippo Argenti and has the beast Phlegyas. Three souls guide Dante through the otherworld: Virgil, from the dark wood, through Inferno, up Mt.
During his adolescence, Dante fell in love with a beautiful girl named Beatrice Portinari. Bertrand is said to have caused a quarrel between and his son Prince ; his punishment in Hell is decapitation, since dividing father and son is like severing the head from the body. Virgil rebukes Minos, and he and Dante continue on. It is the three-headed giant Lucifer, plunged waist-deep into the ice. Dante himself is the protagonist of the whole Divine Comedy and journeys through Hell. These sinners endure lesser torments than do those consigned to Lower Hell, located within the walls of the City of Dis, for committing acts of violence and fraud — the latter of which involves, as Dorothy L.
Love led us to one death. Corrupt politicians are stuck in boiling pitch tar , with demons poking them with pitchforks on bolgia 5. A deep valley leads into the First Ring of the Seventh Circle of Hell, where those who were violent toward others spend eternity in a river of boiling blood. Dante is confused as to how, after about an hour and a half of climbing, it is now apparently morning. As they leave, Virgil points out the sinning giants who are immobilized around them in punishment. He poetically compares them to the fallen leaves in autumn, countless and unable to resist the cold winds that throw them to the ground. The deeper levels are organized into one circle for violence Circle 7 and two circles for fraud Circles 8 and 9.
They also encounter the Usurers, those who were violent toward Art. Those who have made this same choice but need a bit more schooling before actually entering His presence spend some time first on Mt. Dante is awe-struck and impressed, calling Virgil his master. These sinners spend eternity wallowing in mud and mire, and here Dante recognizes a Florentine, Ciacco, who gives Dante the first of many negative prophesies about him and Florence. Dante puts Virgil there in the company of other poets, and he adds a catalogue of military heroes from the Aeneid and a catalogue of scholars. The chief sinner here, Caiaphas, is crucified on the ground, and all of the other sinners must step on him to pass. Dante readily agrees, and the two poets begin their long journey.
Allegorically, this reveals the fact that the poem is beginning to deal with sins that and cannot fully understand. The two poets enter the vestibule of Hell where the souls of the uncommitted are tormented by biting insects and damned to chase a blank banner around for eternity. In the Tenth Pouch, the Falsifiers suffer from horrible plagues and diseases. Level two which is named Lust, is what Tiger Woods craved for. Each bolgia, which is sort of like a step down into this conical Circle, houses a different type of fraud.
Dante feels comforted to hear that his beloved Beatrice has gone to Heaven and cares so much for him. First Dante and Virgil go through the space outside Hell in the underworld, where the neutral spirits, who were neither good nor bad, are left to bewail their fate neither Heaven nor Hell will accept them. Lucifer is a giant, terrifying beast trapped waist-deep in the ice, fixed and suffering. These events occurred in 1302, prior to when the poem was written but in the future at Easter time of 1300, the time in which the poem is set. Dante spoke with two of them, who energetically scratched their scabs off. Because he is the main character, Dante speaks in the first person and interprets his experience as he views sin in all its ugliness.