A nation inhabited by unhealthy, unemployed, lazy, unskilled, illiterate and ignorant people is bound to be a weak and inactive power. Quality of the population has great bearing on national power. International Organisations : Since 1919, the world has been living with a world organisation , except for the years of the Second World War. Power of some kind is the mean by that states implement their domestic as well as foreign policies. Further, role of geography as an element of national power is linked with several other elements, like population, level of scientific and industrial development means of transport and communication, and the like. This as an element in national power plays a big role in defending national resources and relationship with other states.
The territorial characteristics such as boundaries, climate. On the other hand if a state cannot provide necessities to its large population the same is a source of weakness. The treatment of piped water is no longer a regular practice due to lack of national budget. For example a big a size of territory and a large sized population without ideal qualities can never be a source of power. Those states that have significant amounts of power within the international system are referred to as middle powers, regional powers, great powers, superpowers, or hyperpowers, although there is no commonly accepted standard for what defines a powerful state. Resort to war is the extreme form of exercise of force Power in international relation.
The conflict may be expressed informally in these cases, and resentful employees may become distracted or neglect their work instead of abandoning. It involves the capacity to use force or threat of use of force or influence over others for securing the goals of national interest. Only nations with developed economies can use the economic instruments—aid, loan, rewards, trade, grants and denial of rewards or punishment, for securing their desired goals in international relations. Hence, it is power and not influence which is the real currency of International Politics. A democratic government uses influence, persuasion and rewards, whereas a tyrant or a dictator uses force and punishment for securing obedience to his policies and laws. Sighting example of Syria that has for the past 5 years experienced wars from government opposing rebels where a number of innocent people are dying.
British diplomacy has been instrumental in projecting Britain as a major power in world politics, even after the loss of its status as a mighty imperial power. Elements of National Power: There are a number of elements of National Power. Only that foreign policy can be effective in securing the goals of national interest which is backed by adequate national power. Limited power is generally taken to be the opposite of absolute or unlimited power. Similarly, very large army, however, ill-equipped and ill trained also proves weak Diplomacy: Finally, the national power of the country is greatly determined by the quality of diplomacy pursued by the state. Force : The last method of exercising power is the actual use of force or physical violence.
Economic growth, military growth, cultural spread etc. Extreme heat or cold are unfavorable conditions for national power. This system was successful in preventing the outbreak of any major war during 1815-1914 period. National Power is both a Means as well as an End in International Relations: National Power is the means to control the behaviour of other states with a view to accomplish certain ends. A difference has to be made between soldiers in readiness and soldiers who have to be mobilized.
Military Preparedness: Military power is a vitally important part of national power of a state. Military Preparedness: This factor has been recognised as element of power since the earliest times. Its Charter specifies certain aims and objectives which its members are committed to follow. The system of Collective Security is based on the principle that international peace and security is the common objective to be secured by all the states through collective action against any violation by any state or states. As such, it is on the basis of an analysis of national power that we can assess the importance and role of a nation in international politics. Since 1945, the United Nations has been functioning as a global organisation of all the members of the international community.
However, International Law is a weak law. However, the natural resources do not by themselves create power. Climate affects the productivity of Russian agriculture as the majority of the nation is in latitudes well north of ideal latitudes for farming. Therefore Military gives a country more national power. It is definitely more, rather very difficult for a state to defeat a big country.
It therefore indicates that national power influences ownership of national property, boundaries where protection is the major player in national identity as defined by Marxist theory. If a state becomes or tries to become unduly powerful, another state or states should collectively pool their powers and create a preponderance of power against the offending state. This is major source of their power recognition. Economic Development: Economic power is a vitally important part of national power of a nation because it is the means for military power and the basis for welfare, prosperity and development of its people. Well so long this does not happen; the devices discussed above can be used for keeping the national power under check as well as for keeping contained the struggle for power among nations. Economic growth, military growth, cultural spread etc. While evaluating military power of a nation we have to take into account the other two forms Economic Power and Psychological Power of national power, the elements of military power and the military power of other nations.
Industrial production depends upon man-power as well as machines. Punishment : A third way of exercising power is punishment. As such, the power of a state which violates or seeks to violate the freedom, sovereignty or territorial integrity of any other state is limited by the fear that any aggression or any such act committed by it will be met by the collective power of all other states. Moreover, it is not merely the quantity of population that influences national power. The statesman usually describes their goals in terms of religious, philosophic, economic or social ideal and may try to realize them through non-political means. The capacity of a nation to develop is greatly related to the capacity for technological advancement. Health System: A widespread shortage of essential medicines and basic equipment, due to the continued deterioration of social services, remains a major concern.