The election process is slightly complex and people find it difficult to understand the calculations behind the value of vote etc. The legality of such a bill is unknown, as reproduced certificates are generally accepted by government agencies as proof of birth. The third type of emergency can be declared when the President is satisfied that the financial situation of the country demands it. Vacancy in the Office of President: A vacancy in the office of the President may be caused in any of the following ways: i on the expiry of his term of five years; ii by his death: iii by his resignation; iv on his removal by impeachment; v otherwise, e. When it is in operation, the Money Bills passed by the State Assemblies have to be presented to the President for his assent, and he can exercise control over the finances of the Centre and the States and can even cut down the salaries of public servants including judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts.
It cannot be treated as an executive action or an administrative decision. There is no fixed retirement age to the Vice President, as he or she can remain in the post for five years. He can appoint temporary presiding officers in case of vacancy in the posts of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. He is permitted to spend to total amount of Rs. It can be said that resolution for removal of Vice-President requires an effective majority in Rajya Sabha and a simple majority in Loksabha. He is elected by the elected members of both the Houses of Parliament and elected members of State Legislative Assemblies.
Term of Office and Emoluments : The President holds office for a period of five years. The Prime Minister can also resign by writing to the President. On March 29, 2012, the House of Representatives passed legislation that would require presidential or vice presidential candidates to prove their U. He came into the spotlight for his prominent role in the Jai Andhra Movement of 1972. The full term of the Prime Minister is five years, which coincides with the normal life of the Lok Sabha. S Radhakrishnan, each of whom was a President of India at different points in time, remained Vice Presidents before they were elected as Presidents. Legislation proposed in January 2011 would require anyone running for elected office to furnish a birth certificate before being declared an eligible candidate.
The value of votes of electors voters is basically determined on the basis of population of the States. His contributed significantly towards the cause of the farmers, rural people and towards the development of the backward areas. On the expiration of his term or resignation, the President is entitled to an annual pension of Rs 3, 00,000. P gets the salary, allowance and remuneration etc. However he resigned in a few months to take part in the presidential elections.
Shri Naidu protested against the Emergency, fought for the fundamental rights and was even imprisoned during the dark days of Emergency. The avoidance was mainly due to the fear of embarrassment that might have ensued due to debate on the report. However, the term can end sooner if he loses the vote of confidence in the Lower House. He has to leave his office. Judicial Powers : He may grant pardon, reprieve, respite or remission of punishment or may suspend, remit or commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence a where the punishment or sentence is by a court- martial; b where the punishment or sentence is for an offence against any law relating to a matter to which the executive power of the Union extends; and c in case where the sentence is a sentence of death.
This means that though the President may have the power to take action as to declaration of war or peace or the employment of defence forces, it is competent for Parliament to regulate or control the exercise of such powers. He is the constitutional head of the state. The bill did not make it out of committee. He lays the Union budget before the Parliament and makes advances out of the Contingency Fund. The elections for the same must be held within a period of 60 days of the expiry of the term of office of the previous Vice President. Lok Sabha, elects the Vice President of India in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote.
President of India is elected by proportional representation system by means of single transferable vote. It is; therefore, open to a President to withhold a State Legislature Bill indefinitely without giving assent. This is in keeping with the federal character of the Indian Polity. This is the second most important function of the V. He appoints Chief of Army, Navy and Air Force. The bill gained a 23—20 vote in favor, but failed to meet the 25-vote threshold required to pass. He can again withhold his assent.
Thus, while the citizens are not directly involved in the election of a president like that of a class leader, they do indirectly select the President while voting for the candidate of their choice in the Legislative Assembly. The person has not work in any income giving job of Indian government. The Vice-President shall have to communicate forthwith such a decision of the President to the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. Besides this right, the President has the right to address either House or their joint sittings at any time and can require the attendance of members. He is the 13th President of the country. Term length of the president It is generally five years and the president has the right to renew it.