But the issue did not take a serious turn till December 1949 when a communal-minded district magistrate permitted a few Hindus to enter the mosque and instal idols of Sita and Ram there. This was embarrassing to the government as well as this denied representation to the muslims of the Unionist Party which had staunchly supported the British during the war. As a part of that objective, it gave a call for the collection of bricks, sanctified by water from the river Ganges, from all over the country—villages, towns and cities—to be taken to Ayodhya. This was, in particular, true of most of the intellectuals, whether Hindu, Muslim or Sikh. The constitution of India in Article 44 Directive principle of State Policy has mentioned about the Uniform civil code. Most of the communalists before 1937 — the Hindu Mahasabha, the Muslim League, the Ali Brothers after 1925, M. These countries try to create communal problems in the border states.
Either due to ignorance or insecurity, they do not fully accept the need of family planning and help in increasing population. Thus Tilak used Ganesh puja and Shivaji festival to propagate nationalism; and the anti-partition Bengal agitation was started with dips in the Ganges. In fact, the typical Indian intellectual of the 1930s tended to be both secular and broadly left-wing. The Hindu religious groups like Shiv Sena, Hindu Mahasabha, Viswa Hindu Parisad often pressurize the government to take steps suitable to the interest of Hindus. They remain aloof from the mainstream of national politics. Communalism is, above all, a belief system through which a society, economy and polity are viewed and explained and around which effort is made to organize politics.
But there was a crucial different in the two cases. There was tendency to use violence of language, deed and behaviour. Consequences of communalism is well known to all of us. Such things are set back for the society and becomes barrier for its development. He admired Lala Lajpat Rai as a innovator but he didn't the stand by position him during the last many years of his life as Lajpat Rai turned to communal politics. After all, the state alone possesses the instruments to successfully counter communal violence, and immediate and effective state action is the only viable way of dealing with it.
The social, economic and political vested interests deliberately encouraged or unconsciously adopted communalism because of its capacity to distort and divert popular struggles, to prevent the masses from understanding the socio-economic and political forces responsible for their social condition, to prevent unity on national and class lines, and to turn them away from their real national and socio-economic interests and issues and mass movements around them. They did not take up any issues which were of interest to the masses. Communalism or communal ideology consists of three basic elements or stages, one following the other. Reasons-for Growth of Communalism: Communalism was rooted in modern economic, political and social institutions where new identities were emerging in a haphazard manner even as the old, pre-modern identities had not diminished. It was basically before 1937. They also fostered other divisions in Indian society. The new politics was based on the politicization and mobilization of an ever increasing number of the Indian people.
In Independent India also, for the sake of vote bank, the political parties indulge in the policy of appeasement, selection of candidates on the basis of community, caste and hence flaring up religious sentiments of the people. Because of Mughal rule and 1857 revolt, colonial government was suspicious towards Muslims and they patronised Hindus. Thus, in order to get rid of the problem of communalism in India, there is a need of collective efforts. It was being portrayed as a issue of the protection of minorities by the British. Religion comes into communalism to the extent that it serves politics arising in spheres other than religion. The colonial rulers showed extreme tolerance towards communal organizations and leaders and did not care to crush the communal riots. In Mumbai alone, more than 800 people were killed in the subsequent December 1992 and January 1993 riots.
Religious differences as such are neither responsible for communalism nor its root cause. Though, they were very rigid in practising their own rituals and practise, but it never became barrier in the peaceful coexistence. Communal demands were accepted, thus politically strengthening communal organizations. This massacre took place in response to the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi by his own Sikh body Guard in response to her actions authorising the military operation. These are the few ones to name and there are many more, which may sensitise us about such issues, so that in future it can be avoided. The other was in Mumbai in the aftermath of the demolition of the Babri Masjid, in December 1992 and January 1993. Earlier in October 1934, Gandhiji had withdrawn from the Congress refusing 4-anna membership of the Congress.
The weak economic status often breeds communalism. This situation gave birth for some of the favorite motions including nationalist motion, which enabled to consider long term answers to the issues of people by fighting with each other against colonialism. But as we know, that police can act much better, if there is political will and if they are given free hand along with the implementation of recommended police reforms. They find the appeal in terms of communal lines more paying in terms of votes. India has a number of religions plus they co-exist side by side peacefully. The unemployed youth of both the communities can be easily trapped by religious fundamentalists and fanatics. Further, from very beginning upper caste Hindus dominated colonial services as they adapted early to colonial structure.
The slightest indication of minority communalism fans a multi-fold release of majority communalism. As per this mentality, when the followers of any religious community, sect or sub-sect indulge in their activities, they certainly come in conflict with others. Similarly, Hindu, Muslim, Sikh or Christian communalisms are not very different from each other; they belong to a single species; they are varieties of the same communal ideology. They tended to emphasise ancient Indian culture to the exclusion of medieval Indian culture. Reforms, at times, were seen as a process of insulating one community from the influence of another religious community. In absence of Uniform civil code, there is still perception that all communities have divergent and contradictory interests.
The underlying and long-term cause of communal violence is the spread of the communal ideology or belief system. One was against the Sikhs in Delhi in the wake of the assassination of Indira Gandhi in 1984. As Jawaharlal Nehru said 'One must not neglect that communalism is a latter-day happening which has grown up before our eyes', which means that this ideology came into being in the recent-past and it was a result of the conditions that have in other societies produced similar ideologies and occurrence. Why communalism still persists and increasing in modern India? Till 1937 there had been liberal communalism, centred around safeguards and reservations. A lot of revolutionaries started criticizing the colonial ideologies and some turned to Marxism, some possessed the idea of a socialist revolution and the other's signed up with the brand new Socialist Party, the Communist Get together, the Gandhian wing of the Congress and the other Still left parties.