Below are three different quotation formats and guidelines to follow when using them. In general, avoid leaving quotes as sentences unto themselves. Paraphrasing not only clarifies the idea in the passage but also illustrates that the writer, since he or she can articulate this difficult message to the reader, is knowledgeable about the topic and should be trusted. Yet during the first six months of U. It can be tricky to cite quotes form the Internet because you won't be able to find page numbers.
Note that each item in the play's division is separated by periods. Six Characters in Search of an Author. It depends on the required format. Although helpful at times, quotes that have not been clearly attributed can be confusing and out of place. When to Paraphrase Paraphrasing provides an author the opportunity to tailor the passage for the purpose of his or her own essay, which cannot always be done when using a direct quote. Often times in academic writing, a very specific phrase or term may be used and described by an empirical source. Moxley, Writing Commons is a viable alternative to expensive writing textbooks.
What punctuation should be used when words are inserted or altered in a direct quotation? Try to limit how much you quote that author, particularly if a lot of your argument is relying on his or her groundwork already. Suppose you interviewed Jane Doe about her reaction to John F. Provide the author and specific page citation in the case of verse, provide line numbers in the text, and include a complete reference on the Works Cited page. This work is licensed under a. Instead, focus on finding quality quotes that enhance the points you want to make. Additionally, quoting should be used when the original passage is particularly moving or striking. All quotations, just like all paraphrases, require a formal citation.
Also, the period that is usually placed after the parentheses is omitted. To learn how to quote a research paper in Chicago style, scroll down! Use ellipses … at the end of one paragraph to transition to the next. Include a blank line between the body of your paper and the first line of your quote. While you want to set up the arguments that have been made on both sides in the past, you also want to make a compelling argument for yourself. Unfortunately, accidental plagiarism is all too common, and it has serious consequences. If you cannot track down or get access to the original work, then you may use an indirect quote. If you are asking a question about a quoted question, use a single question mark inside the quotations.
Also your citation may be altered based on whether or not you provide a signal phrase or include the full reference in the text of your paper as oppose to using parenthetical citations. An author can use a direct quote as evidence for a claim he or she makes. Works consulted We consulted these works while writing the original version of this handout. This may sound complicated but the idea is simple. Discussing specific arguments or ideas Sometimes, in order to have a clear, accurate discussion of the ideas of others, you need to quote those ideas word for word. Similar to the above principle, an author can use a direct quote as further evidence or to emphasize a claim found in the source. It's better to have the original right in front of you.
A direct quotation usually corresponds exactly to the source's spelling, capitalization and interior punctuation. Often secondary material will give you hints to finding the best parts of the primary sources. He represented the hopes of young people everywhere. When to Quote Direct quotes should be used sparingly, but when they are used, they can be a powerful rhetorical tool. An author chooses to use one of these strategies depending on why the source is being used and what information the source provides. Also, it helps to support your topic or your thesis. Again, misusing block quotes will detract from your credibility as a writer.
Chicago Manual of Style 1. When you're citing from the Internet, you're just going to have to do the best you can to find the name of the author, the date, and the paragraph number instead of the page. We often mixed quote another because i the reported utterance is too long to directly quote, but the reporter wants to ensure accuracy on certain key passages, ii certain passages in the original utterance were particularly well put. He said he called Chinese counterparts to discuss North Korea's missile tests, for example, and got a written response that said, in essence, 'Thanks, but no thanks. Please note that brackets are not needed around ellipses unless adding brackets would clarify your use of ellipses. Also note that for quotations within quotations, we change from double to single quotation marks 'mad emperors' above. Question marks and exclamation points should appear within the quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted passage but after the parenthetical citation if they are a part of your text.
Directly quoting statistics such as this should be avoided. In order to lend variety to your prose, you may wish to quote a source with particularly vivid language. Cite quotes with multiple authors. Paraphrasing is when you use a sentence from a source but change the wording slightly into your own words. In the context of trading rooms and professional publications, most currencies are quoted as the number of foreign currency units per dollar. Otherwise, the opposition can claim that you simply twisted their meaning.
If you break at the end of a sentence and then move to another, include the final punctuation mark from the first sentence. So, in providing context for our above example, you might write: When Franklin Roosevelt gave his inaugural speech on March 4, 1933, he addressed a nation weakened and demoralized by economic depression. I had never experienced such denial. You have probably been told by teachers to provide as much evidence as possible in support of your thesis. Aim to change at least half of the sentence into a new structure, but also make sure that the grammar is correct and the meaning of the sentence is still clear. The main exception to this rule involves the use of internal citations, which always precede the last period of the sentence.