Paper Works, Articles and links to specialized web sites. We study what defines politics in the modern age: states and nations in the international system, collective action and representation in mass societies, trajectories of democracy and dictatorship, politics and development in the context of capitalism. Article shared by : This article throws light upon the top eight features of comparative politics. In fact, in contemporary times, the importance of Comparative Politics has increased tremendously. She is not likely to confine herself to health care in the U. Oxford University Press: New York.
International relations is a diverse field both in terms of what kinds of behavior are studied and how they are studied. Traditionally, when African and Asian literatures were studied, they all had a few things in common. Comparative study of Political Systems forms an integral part of the study of Politics. The course will introduce the student to the concerns, the language and the methods of Political Science. The three types that exist in the United States are for-profit, non-profit, and government funded organizations. In the 20th century, the ancient tradition received a systematic use and development at the hands of a large number of political scientists, particularly, Ogg, Zink, Munro, C. Discusses theory and future directions of international law.
Therefore inspite of its limitations it has not been complete discarded even now. How have states been categorized in Comparative Politics? Some of the features are: 1. She argues that the approach taken by advocates of the developmental state neither grasps the idiosyncrasy of Korean development, nor contributes to a broader understanding of state theory. The Cuban revolution and the rise of Castro threatened American domination in the Western Hemisphere. Further, the study of political structures can be studied only in relation with the social structures. In simple words, we can say, Comparative Politics involves a comparative study of various political systems either as a whole or through a comparative analysis of their structures and functions.
The comparative approach has emerged as a very useful and highly popular approach for the study of Politics. This focus continued to remain popular up till the end of the 19th century. National security policy, nuclear deterrence, arms control and defense spending decisions are typical examples of foreign policy decisions. In other words, the intention of this paper is to establish competition — defined as a historically constituted force — as integral part of the market process, the dynamics of which must be thoroughly analyzed and appreciated in order to adequately explain capitalist development in East Asia or anywhere else. Congress, and the courts, the department offers specialized courses on such topics as the political role of mass media, the politics of race and ethnicity, constitutional law, policy formation, state politics, and American political thought.
All of the aforementioned differences between the U. Huntington devised a theory that attempted to explain not only how political systems develop, but how they decay as well. It does not seek the forces that shape the legal forms, nor does it attempt to establish the casual relationships that account for another or from one period to another. Identical situations might not recur. In the earliest stages, humans organized into families and larger tribes.
Comparative politics traces its origins to Aristotle's comparison of the Greek city-states. It is used both for macro and micro, and horizontal and vertical studies of politics. I am simplifying somewhat here. We study different forms of democratic and authoritarian rule, state-society relationships, and key issues of political economy like development and welfare states. It can be stated with certainty that right from the days of Aristotle, comparative study of political institutions, governments and processes has been developing as a major and popular area of investigation with a large number of political scientists. As such, despite many possibilities of variables, there are only a limited number of cases to apply them to.
Robert Franzese claims that the relative loss of detail which results from analysing large amounts of cross-national cases, does not justify retreating to qualitative study of a few cases Franzese, 2007. It relies on sovereignty—the ability to carry out actions in a territory independently—and power. Many majors also enable you to specialize further within the broader area of study. Moreover, the theoretical concerns of comparativists are in no way confined to the boundaries of any one culture, and even those who are inspired primarily by a desire to better understand other places and cultures often find that to do so most effectively they need to orient their primarily inductive empirical work along broadly comparative and deductive theoretical axes. States may display traditional legitimacy built on history and continuity , charismatic legitimacy embodied in a powerful and inspiring individual , rational-legal legitimacy built on a foundation of highly institutionalized laws , or a mixture of these.
The building of a scientific theory of politics through comparative studies of politics came to the objective. The separation of the cases being compared offers the researcher a richer study ground of variables that assist in acutely testing hypothesises and in the creation of others. The other traditional approaches in one way or the other one to an extent reflect or the other form of Institutional Approach, some times giving importance to legal aspects and some times to functional. Patterns, similarities and differences are examined to assess the relationships of variants between the two or more separate systems. The biased and parochial nature of traditional studies stands replaced by all-embracing studies of developing as well as developed political systems.