The present and desire for development add more to pollution but the steps taken to control or decrease it are very meager. In such cases, the soil cannot be used for cultivation, unless the sewage is properly treated and disposed off in landfill areas. Soil degradation also contributes to soil pollution and it occurs as a result of over-grazing, over-farming, or mining activities. Contamination of fresh water is due to the following reasons: i. It occurs when foreign harmful materials like chemicals, waste matter, or contaminated substances are directly or indirectly discharged into water bodies.
What are the different types of water pollution? Let us discuss the different types of pollutions, their causes and effects on mankind and the as a whole. This makes the water hold less oxygen, which can kill fish and wildlife. This waste is dumped in landfills near cities and towns. Pollution occurs when pollutants contaminate the natural surroundings; which brings about changes that affect our normal lifestyles adversely. Most appalling pollution scenes If you have ever witnessed pollution scenes that are either disturbing or heart-wrenching, share with our readers, so that the photos may open the eyes of those who are still unmoved about the environmental problems of the world today. This air pollution is composed of solid and liquid particles made up of ash, metals, soot, diesel exhaust, and chemicals.
Inorganic pollutants consist of inorganic salts, silt sediment , mineral acids, finely divided metals and their compounds as well as complexes of metals with organics in natural water. Both surfactants and builders cause serious pollution in water. It is caused by machines in industries, loud music, etc. Launching of extensive afforestation and community forestry programmes. However, displacement due to development, as well as forest policies, has put Worlis to a lot of trouble. Main type of pollution 1: Air pollution Air pollution is one of the main types of pollution of the environment. Many of these sites are abandoned or improperly-managed industrial zones.
The State of the Air 2016 found that air quality had improved over the decades, with a 69% reduction in pollution since 1970, even though it was marked by growth in industries, energy use and mileage. Everyone has heard the term pollution constantly — either in school or documentaries or random pamphlets. Chest pain, congestion, throat inflammation, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease are some of diseases that can be causes by air pollution. Thus the soil is getting heavily polluted day by day by toxic materials and dangerous micro-organisms which enter the air, water and the food chain. Anyone can make a difference by reporting water pollution they witness, volunteering to clean up sites of water pollution, and assisting with local or federal initiatives to protect water. If birds or humans eat these infected fish, the toxins are transferred to us and we swallow these dangerous pesticides and toxins, affecting our health. The two forms of air pollution considered most harmful to humans by the are ozone or smog, and particle pollution or soot.
The sudden change of temperature in the body of water can also kill fish. We are polluting the environment in many different ways. Whenever artificial lights are used where they are not intended, it causes a nuisance. Air pollution kills more than 2 million people each year, according to a study published in the journal of Environmental Research Letters. Groundwater Pollution This type of pollution is becoming more and more relevant because it affects our drinking water and the aquifers below the soil.
Vehicle and factory emissions are common sources of this type of air pollution. This is commonly caused by excess use of fertilizers in , irresponsible disposable of industrial wastes etc. The acidification of the oceans and the destruction of marine habitats thus in its turn leading to the death of marine organisms and the extinction of several species are some of the main effects of marine pollution. Transforming intensive agriculture into a sustainable system by measures such as i Maintaining a healthy soil community in order to regenerate soil fertility by providing organic manures, increasing fallow periods, avoiding excessive use of chemical fertilizers. A barren wasteland results mostly due to mining activities, and is also considered as a form of land pollution. Chlorination: Chlorination is the best and the cheapest method of sterilization of water.
They are termed as particulate matter, and can lead to water pollution. But if one stays near any industry, then it can be noticed. The air pollutant may be carcinogenic e. The rising temperatures can be a result of deforestation, power plants, high carbon footprint, etc. Below is a list of different kinds of pollutions and how they impact our environment.
It can happen from leakages or accidents at nuclear power plants, as well as from improper disposal of nuclear waste. Any alterations in the chemical, physical, or biological water properties qualify as water pollution. There are simple ways to put a check on air pollution. Protecting Water Sources The most important aspect of water pollution is how to address it. Micro-organisms such as algae, fungi, bacteria, yeast, moulds, spores are transported by wind to distant places causing air pollution. It merely occurs when sounds waves of intense pressure reach the human ears and may even affect the body muscles due to sound vibrations. I promise to use it only to send you Love4Gaia Newsletter.
It is caused by emissions from manufacturing industries and power plants, vehicular emissions, smoking, natural events such as volcanic eruptions and wildfire, and burning of waste materials such as wood, rubber and plastics. Leading industries such as power plants, steel mills, sewage treatment plants, heating plants, and glass smelting among other production, processing and manufacturing companies are the contributors to industrial pollution. Water pollution could be in the form of any change in the physical, chemical and biological properties of water which has a harmful effect on living things. Sources of Soil Pollution : 1. Air pollution results from both human and natural activities. This leads to health issues like malnutrition as pollutants pass through to humans and.