While monochromic working styles enable the arrangement of meetings and task deadlines in advance, polychronic cultures need the constant nurturing of the relationship. If an act is unexpected and is assigned favorable interpretation, and it is evaluated positively, it will produce more favorable outcomes than an expected act with the same interpretation and evaluation. When retiring one kind of technical debt from an asset, auxiliary technical debt is any other kind of technical debt in the asset. To a monochronic-based company, time is a precious commodity that can be lost, saved, or wasted. They do things in order, one at a time, starting with the most important and ending with the least. Instead, their culture is more focused on relationships, rather than watching the clock.
Individuals with a present orientation are mostly characterized as pleasure seekers who live for the moment and have a very low risk aversion. However, there is a slight variation with regard to the way we manage time, depending on 2 main perspectives related to a cultural difference. Polychrons consider a schedule to be less important than interpersonal relations. Evidence for this would be the fact that across languages there are thousands of unique words that all refer to water. Specifically, how we regard time correlates closely with our preferences, biases, and even the way we think about approaching technical debt. For Americans, time is a precious resource not to be wasted or taken lightly. Polychronic style is typical in high context cultures.
Monochronic cultures tend to do one thing at a time, adhere to an orderly schedule of some kind, and respect personal boundaries more emphatically. Discoveries Among the Navajo and Hopi 1994, Doubleday, New York etc. Previously, these interdependent and integrated levels have been outlined and discussed as: biological time; psychological time; social time; and cultural time. The United States is considered a monochronic society. Another aspect has major implications for knowledge management. While it is always a good idea to show up on time for an interview, if you are planning to meet with a polychronic person, be prepared to wait or to make conversation with others around the office.
If you are a member of The Harley Hahn Experience, my premium Web site, you can access the entire Yellow Pages online: To check out the section in which I write about human behavior, just click on the following link: The Harley Hahn Experience If you are not a member of The Harley Hahn Experience, here's where you can find information about joining: Here is the list of topics you will find in the Behavior and Social Forces section of Harley Hahn's Internet Yellow Pages: © All contents Copyright 2019, Harley Hahn. People are their primary concern particularly those closely related to them or their function , and they have a tendency to build lifetime relationships. We think of the difference between Singapore and Latvia. While the superior can speak for as long as they want, the responses of the subordinate are shorter in length. Two time systems exist in Hawaii, where the Polynesians juggle two time systems: Haole time and Hawaiian time. Beginning and ending a communication interaction in the workplace is also controlled by the higher-status individual in an organization. Every culture views time differently and how it relates to the communication process.
We use time to structure both our daily lives and events that we are planning for the future. How can you separate work time and personal time? I have already mentioned that, to a polychron, it is acceptable and even desirable to be late, but there is a lot more. Chronemics It is essential when communicating in business to understand chronemics, or the way individuals interpret the use of time. Our time can be broken down into years, months, days, hours, minutes, seconds and even milliseconds. But these cultural differences are topics for another time. Psychologia, 30, 205-216 Griffin, E. To be kept waiting is to imply that one's time is less valuable than that of the one who imposes the wait.
Fort Worth: Hardcourt Brace College. To a polychron, exact times are not really meaningful and, hence, are not all that important. Polychronic cultures have a more fluid approach to time, often doing many things at once, being more comfortable with lateness and interruption, and focus more on people, family, and relationships than tasks and objectives. Polychrons see time as a never-ending river, flowing from the infinite past, through the present, into the infinite future. Recognizing How Another Culture Differs From One's Own.
We must then let events guide us, in the way the seasons guide the farmer. This is critical, we find, to helping recognition to flourish across a global organization. Is it meant to be insulting? In individualistic cultures, the goals of individuals are valued more highly than those of the entire team or organization, and workers tend to set individual goals and plans to achieve them. Controlling the floor in conversation. This does not mean that the superior works less. Conversely, if you need to motivate, manage, or persuade someone from a holistic culture, spend time explaining the big picture and how all the pieces slot together. A superior — regardless of whether or not they are running the actual meeting — lead discussions, ask questions and have the ability to speak for longer periods of time without interruption.
If you live in Latin America, the Arab part of the Middle East, or sub-Sahara Africa, you live in a polychronic culture. This difference is expressed through a cultural duality called Monochronic time and Polychronic time. Communication theories in action: An introduction. Join the Tero community for more professional development content: Facebook: LinkedIn: Twitter: Tero Tips Videos: You can visit our website at for more information about how our services can better your professional development. They also tend to be task-oriented whereas people from polychronic cultures are people-oriented.