The transformational approach analyses the leader-follower interaction and examines how certain leaders are able to motivate followers by inspiring and empowering them towards achieving a common vision through a strong sense of purpose and commitment. It was this idea that pressured him to do what he was supposed to do and that made him trust that he still has trust through the darkest days in his imprisonment. It became a global best-seller. Not so risky but still influential. The movie was named after a Victorian poem that brought President Mandela strength while in prison. For me, tranformational leadership evokes both the dimension of depth and of willingness.
Mandela became the inaugural President of the country apart from being the first black South African to hold the office. De Klerk kept his promises and released political prisoners, although not Mandela at first, given his violent past. The basis of good leadership is honorable character and selfless service to the organization. Transformational leadership develop inspired way surroundings and creating a mutual vision that is clear and hopeful to employees. Downton's theory of transformational leadership was that these types of leaders focus on enacting change around them that will not only improve processes but will also make things better for everyone around them. Transformational leaders look towards changing the future to inspire followers and accomplish goals, whereas transactional leaders seek to maintain the status quo, not aiming for progress.
Your post does a great job of drawing a strong connection between Nelson Mandela and transformational leadership. From his beginnings; being born into tribal royalty, through his commitment as a lawyer to fighting for justice and human rights, and well into his actions as a leader of activist parties and eventually the South African government, Mandela has achieved warranted recognition as one of the most prominent and influential people in South African and international politics. It is suggested that this difficult for a number of reasons. Lesson Summary Transformational leadership, exhibited by leaders like Nelson Mandela in his crusade against apartheid, is the ability certain leaders have to inspire, motivate, and mobilize supporters and followers in order to create change or achieve the seemingly impossible. Intellectual stimulation: means challenging followers to think for themselves, encourage them to think about problems in new ways, provides opportunities for them to develop and grow, and prepares them for higher positions. Words such as extraordinary unconventional and heroic characterize a description of leader behaviors. No one was ever as brave and confident as Nelson Mandela was.
Democratic leadership as a style whereby the leader persuade an open trusting and follower oriented relationship. He rejoiced when the national rugby team Springboks won the world championship even though this team had been a symbol of racism and Afrikaner power for decades. Turning into a great leader is not about showing up with memorizing speeches. He encouraged racial harmony in a country ripped apart by apartheid, practiced forgiveness toward his persecutors without forgetting the indelible mark they left on his country, and focused on the future, not the past. He also gave individualized consideration to the people that he leads.
Conger and Kanungo, 1987 p. During the twenty-seven years which Mandela spent in prison, he gathered immense international support around the world. He called for free democratic elections one man, one vote as well as the unconditional release of all non-violent political prisoners. Communication was vital to his leadership success, allowing him to coordinate with his followers effectively by explaining to them the plan to fight for a better nation. Not only did he set this bar, but he also expected his subordinates to live up to this expectation. The term, apartheid means the government says that it is ok to discriminate any race other than White people. Mandela became the face of the fight against discrimination leveled against his own people.
The views expressed are personal. Knowledge Wharton 2013, July 09. The following comment from a manager study highlights the realism of conflicting organisational goals. Nelson was willing and ready to sacrifice his life for the freedom of South Africa. It is highly relevant to the corporate world and organizations as well.
International Journal of Leadership in Public Services. This week, Mandela passed away at the age of 95. In this case, it is considered that a good manger should be equipped with human, technical and conceptual skills. He also was a good listener and would often be the last one to speak in conferences he had with his cabinet, he knew that letting other people think they were leading was often the best way to go. Men like Mandela and Gandhi exemplify the factors of transformational leadership.
He spent most of his life in gaol for his protests but continued to be a symbol of freedom to the people. He was able to move to tears many foreign dignitaries through his words only. The purpose of this paper is to profile the most important leadership role model in my lifesomeone I have known and have observed for years. Nelson Mandela has an inspiring story of fighting Apartheid forces and surviving a long prison sentence all in the name of freedom and equal rights. It is the most widely accepted theory today and the premise on which this assignment is based. Here is part of what he said: Tonight, I am reaching out to every single South African, black and white, from the very depths of my being. Citing the pressing problems facing the country, many of his top advisers tried to dissuade him from engaging the predominantly white home team.
Mandela helped people even while he was imprison. Similar to the lawyer referenced in Outliers Joe Flom, who grew up in great depression but, used education as an escape route. This theory includes the following four characteristics — Idealized Influence, Inspirational Motivation, Intellectual Stimulation and Individualized Consideration. Leaders carry out this process by applying their leadership attributes, such as beliefs, values, ethics, character, knowledge, and skills. Defining leadership in absolute terms is very difficult.