The vinaya pitaka. Vinaya Pitaka 2019-02-13

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Overview of the Buddhist Vinaya

the vinaya pitaka

Mahasi Sayadaw, Mahasi Meditation Centre; translation by U Hla Kyaing. This is one of the suttas selected by King Asoka r. The early disciples of the Buddha were highly developed spiritually and they had little need for a set of rules to be imposed upon them. Some other attd couples of sayings occur in the Ang. The word brahmacdrin occurs once in the Rg-Veda in the later Mandala, x. The rules are summarized in the , and amount to 227 rules for the bhikkhus, 311 for the bhikkhunis.

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The Vinaya Pitaka

the vinaya pitaka

This would also prevent him from being a constant drain on the resources of the laity at any one place. The first three Parajika rules are levelled against the breach of a code of morality generally recognised and active among all civilised communities: against un- chastity, against the taking of what was not given, and against the depriving of life. Eat and drink and amuse yourself; eating, drinking and amusing yourself, take delight in sensual pleasures and doing meritorious deeds, enjoy yourself. Monks, in Gotama's Order, were certainly not segre- gated, and the Vinaya reveals all manner of inter- communication between the religious and the lay sections of society. The Vinaya contains the code of rules by which monks and nuns are to conduct themselves individually the , as well as the rules and procedures that support the harmonious functioning of the community as a whole.

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Vinayapitaka, Vinaya

the vinaya pitaka

Discription from 'Access to Insight': Whereas the Patimokkha concerns the basic rules of Theravada Buddhist monastic life, the Khandhaka the second major section of the Vinaya Pitaka concerns its customs, which are no less essential to monastic life. If so, one may conclude, tentatively, that the fourth Parajika belongs to an ancient Sakyan stratum, and that in this, other-worldly lokuUara matters were held to be as important as, if not more so than, worldly loka matters. And not long after the crowd had departed Sudinna, the Kalandaka, came up to the lord and having come up, he greeted the lord and sat down to one side. For we do not exactly know what a kahapana was at any given time. Piṭaka KhA1 2, 97; VbhA. This landmark book organizes and explains the Khandhaka rules in a systematic and practical way, for the benefit of any Theravada monk-in-training. Hill 1 This is the only Parajika where, in the simile, the word abhabba does not occur.

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Vinaya Pitaka: The Basket of the Discipline

the vinaya pitaka

The Mūlasarvāstivāda Vinaya is preserved in both the in the , in a Chinese edition, and in an incomplete Sanskrit manuscript. So, do read it with a critical mind. The penalty consists firstly of giving up the objects in respect of which the offence has been committed. It contains rules and regulations for the conduct of monks and nuns in all the details of their lives. The manner and time of their formulation are as problematical as those of the major rules.

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Sutta Pitaka

the vinaya pitaka

But surely you did not mean that. While brahmins as a class remained, brahmins by birth and occupation, brahmins forming sects of ascetics, living by various rules, the word brdhmana was developing for Sakya the meaning of the best, the highest person, not because of birth and lineage, but because of spiritual endeavour and attainment. It is possible, dear Sudinna, while leading the low life of a layman, both to enjoy riches and to do meritorious actions. Sutta Vibhanga a Maha Vibhanga Bhikku Vibhanga b Bhikkuni Vibhanga 2. So what you find in this section awakens a deeper sense on life than other simply organized records. The Buddha's standard reprimand was itself a powerful corrective: It is not fit, foolish man, it is not becoming, it is not proper, it is unworthy of a recluse, it is not lawful, it ought not to be done. Also Winternitz, Hist, of Ind.


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Vinaya

the vinaya pitaka

Rules are framed in the form of offences and failures to observe norms of conduct. Rhys Davids, Professor Otto Schrader, Professor Helmer Smith and Professor F. Ill, nidtdpituhi katandmavasena pandyam Udayo ti vuccati. That the translations of Pali canonical works have so far been not in the least offen- sive, is mainly, or it may be said only, because the Sutta-Pitaka and the Abhidhamma-Pitaka deal chiefly with spiritual matters. He, thinking of another, deprives that other of life, there is no offence for the instigator, there is an offence involving defeat for the murderer. Lekha is the writing, the letter; lekhd the line, the tracing {cf.


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English Books on Vinaya

the vinaya pitaka

Pattha is a measure of a certain capacity. If he claims the property. This, brahmin, is a way in which one speaking truly of me could say: The recluse Gotama is without the quality of taste. If he makes it quiver, there is a grave offence. It varies less from school to school than does either the Sutta discourses of the Buddha and his disciples or Abhidhamma scholastic sections of the canon, and the rules themselves are basically the same even for schools, although some of the latter greatly extended the accompanying narrative and commentarial material.

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index

the vinaya pitaka

Such struggles as there were, were not between monks and the 'armies of hostile kings, not between monks and the active scorn of the world, but struggles, no less heroic in in- tention perhaps, to strengthen the monks against them- selves and their human weaknesses, to endow them with goodness and virtue as the living witnesses to man's desire for perfection, to fortify them for victory in the contest between the spirit and the flesh, between right and wrong — undying ideals to which many an ordinary layman ardently clung, but to which he could not himself aspire. Even in omitting or expurgating such passages, I yet think that they are interesting historically, scientifically and psychologically, even psycho-analytically, and that they might be of value to anyone making a detailed comparison of Eastern and Western Monachism. In the first place, in the translations of Pali literature which have already appeared, no less than in several books on Early Buddhism, monk is a rendering that has been commonly adopted for bhikkhu. And the former wife of the venerable. It is beyond all doubt that the punishment for breach of the Parajika rules indeed involves expulsion. Inasmuch as he breaks or disperses or burns or renders useless, there is an offence of wrong-doing. Come, dear Sudinna, while leading the low life of a layman, enjoy riches and do meritorious actions.

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English Books on Vinaya

the vinaya pitaka

I suppose the author foresaw that it is necessary to keep the book as compact as possible. At this passage lekharn which has faulty variant reading likharn; cf likhdpanna for lekhd° at PvA. Vinaya plays a pivotal role in their monastic way of life. He commands another, there is an offence of wrong- doing. They follow Buddhaghosa, who, to quote E. Coomaraswamy, A New Approach to the Vedas, p. The same section then deals with the rules for formal admission to the Order, Upasampada , giving precise conditions to be fulfilled before any person can gain admission to the Order and the procedure to be followed for each admission.

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What Buddhists Believe

the vinaya pitaka

The Sutta Pitaka contains more than 10,000 teachings attributed to the or his close companions. Included also are questions-and-answers concerning the proper etiquette for laypeople when in the company of monks how and when to bow, how to offer food or other requisites, etc. Intending to steal, he touches them. A motive such as the latter was far from the thoughts of Western monks, one of whose many activities was to tend the crops and dig the soil. A certain moiik, meaning to cause his death, gave a blow to that monk's neck; the meat fell out with blood, and that monk died. Doubtless Visakha was one of the most generous patrons of the Order, a great supporter of the faith, to whom the Order had full reason to be grateful. The rules were either drawn up in their entirety in Gotama's lifetime; or they were drawn up in their entirety after his parinibbdna utter waning ; or some were drawn up during his lifetime and others afterwards.


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