Administrative Science Quarterly 24 4 : 602-611. In these cases, the qualitative research approach fitted the bill as a yardstick. Due to the fact that educational research has a broad scope, covering different techniques and methodologies as well as various aspects of the educative process both formal and informal , this paper has endeavoured to persuade the reader that one way to strengthen the qualitative research design is via triangulation. I believe that we can undertake triangulation for more than one purpose. It also had implications for the facilitators and co-ordinators in terms of modifying their cognition, affect and behaviour in terms of how they facilitate and interact with students.
October 2018 In the , triangulation is often used to indicate that two or more methods are used in a study in order to check the results of one and the same subject and is a popular method of study in. Jay Eds , Evaluating Health Care Information Systems: Methods and Applications. In these seven tables the horizontal rows represent the broad stages of concern dimensions. Journal of Advanced Nursing 1994;20: 716- 721. The Mann-Whitney-U-test is a nonparametric test, which was used to investigate and analyse the proposed statistical hypothesis. In this study the researcher decided to handle data management by displaying of the triangulation process results in a matrix. Interpretative Phenomenology: Embodiment caring and ethics in health and illness.
A Framework for Transformation Final Recommendations. Cape Town: Oxford University Press. Effects of beta blockade with metoprolol on simple and complex task performance. Using this dual approach does not result in a single, clear-cut, consistent picture, but rather presents a challenge to improve comprehension of the various reasons for the existence of inconsistencies between the two sets of data Patton 1990. So by not relying on a single research approach and methodology, the validity and credibility of the research findings are improved Denzin 1978; Patton 1990; De Vos 1998. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1991.
This will validate the researchers findings. Triangulation is a powerful technique that facilitates validation of data through cross verification from two or more sources. Journal of Affedive Disorders 1986; 11:3. Furthermore qualitative methods can beused to improve the quality of survey-based quantitative evaluations by helping generate evaluation hypothesis; strengthening the design of survey questionnaires and expanding or clarifying quantitative evaluation findings. This was clearly illustrated in the detailed display of the matrix.
The Research Process in Nursing. You could create segments such as Female only group, Male only group, group of male and female, etc. The above-mentioned also applies to the other six stages of the Stages of Concern SoC Questionnaire. Data triangulation, as is any form of triangulation i. In other words, the qualitative data were used as a critical counterpoint to quantitative methods. Recently I have triangulate my qualitative and quantitative study and was very interesting experience.
The researcher needs to record any potentially useful data thououghly,accurately, and systematically,using field notes,sketches,audiotapes,photographs and other suitable means. In this study a comparative analysis of both qualitative and quantitative data was done via triangulation. Moreover, as was pointed out, divergent results from multimethods could lead to an enriched explanation of the research problem. Lindita - if both your questionnaire and interview schedules relate to the same research topic and questions - then you would be wisest to frame it in this context. In this study data triangulation entailed the comparison of qualitative data received from structured interviews with facilitators and co-ordinators with quantitative data from the Stages of Concern Questionnaire and the Demographic and relevant information questionnaire of facilitators and co-ordinators. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1991. Melbourne: Qualitative Solutions and Research Company.
In case you need to investigate differential perspectives of the multiple sources regarding the phenomena ,under consideration-Multi source triangulation will be useful. All the above-mentioned provide evidence that the paradigm shift is operating on two different levels. Qualitative research in education: An introduction to theory and methods. Making sense of statistics in Psychology. Qualitative Educational Research in Action: Doing and Reflecting.
Thus the qualitative research approach is not only strengthened, but also empowered by implementing triangulation. FrenchCet article passe en revue. Women's Studies International Forum 1983; 6: 4, 423- 435. Consequently it can be accepted that the two groups were reasonably homogeneous, which should not affect the results. Reflexivity and methodology: an ecological constructionism. If we only rely on quantitative finding we could not understand in-depth scenario. At the one end of this continuum are quantatative methods and at the other end of the continuum are Qualitative methods for data collection.