The southern states thought that the the federal government couldn't regualte where they took their property, along with tariffs they thought was unfair. Naval Historical Center Outmanned and outgunned, the Confederates engaged in on the high seas — intercepting Union trading ships to burn or seize their cargo. Nevertheless, the plan held the key answers for what Union forces eventually ended up doing. Scott came up with the plan in early 1861, intending it as a way to end the rebellion through mostly economic measures. The plan depended o … n a Naval blockade to starve the South, then a drive down the Mississippi, to divide the Confederacy in two isolating all enemy troops to the west of the river , and then sending in the armies to defeat the weakened foe.
The city of Nashville was served by no fewer than five railroads, while as well as the Tennessee River itself, the state also played host to the Cumberland River. Deny them material that they would be bringing in from abroad. The Anaconda Plan greatly weakened thesouthern economy during the Civil War and was one of the factorsthat led to its defeat, which ended slaver … y in the south. The plan's idea was to cut the South into two sections and make it easier to take control of the states. In this, her only combat mission, she successfully sank the Housatonic before sinking herself for reasons still unknown.
It also did not call for a march on Richmond. Winfield Scott At the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, Winfield Scott was one of the most accomplished and recognized generals in American history. This is an actual Green Anaconda. . As the war entered its third year, Generals Ulysses S.
This plan, consisted of three parts, a western campaign, an eastern campaign, and a naval blockade of the Southern coast. It was made to win the Civil War as soon as possible. The Union did have to invade the Confederacy. This gave the Union a great advantage in the Civil War. This feat was accomplished by less than twenty Confederate ships.
But he recognized how critical it was to train those men, while Washington politicians preferred to fight sooner and closer to home. Northern editors, meanwhile, sarcastically dubbed it the Anaconda Plan, after the snake that slowly squeezes its prey to death. One of the justifications Robert E Lee made to Jefferson Davis for his attacks in Pennsylvania was the need for supplies, and his campaign led to the decisive Battle of Gettysburg. Scott did not himself refer to this plan as the Anaconda Plan, but it gained that moniker because of its emphasis on putting a stranglehold on the Confederacy, much like an anaconda snake does with its prey. As early as the beginning of April 1861, he had regular meetings with President Abraham Lincoln, in which he offered his thoughts on the current situation. Grant won many battles and because of that all of Kentucky and most of Tennesse was put into the uniuns control. Following the war, Scott was a leading figure in studying military tactics and training new soldiers, holding several high-ranking and prestigious posts.
Scott's plan called for troops to seize forts along the Mississippi River and to occupy New Orleans, so it did call for a projection of force into the hinterlands of the Confederacy. They decided to do this by gaining control of the Mississipi river to New Orleans. Grant and William Sherman revisited and implemented parts of the Anaconda Plan. . Scott's military and political approach was essentially conciliatory. Library of Congress Fact 5: The first successful submarine attack took place during the Civil War. At this point, thought Scott, those in the South who agreed with the Union of whom he believed there were many more than had stated their positions publicly would force their governors to agree to surrender.
The seconds part of this plan was to divide the confederacy. The South, during the war, was consistently starved for supplies. Scott attempted to convince Lincoln and his leading cabinet members and generals of the wisdom of the plan, but it was not officially adopted by the President. However, their defenses did not hold, and after Grant's taking of the garrison at Fort Donelson on February 16, 1862, Southern commander Albert Sidney Johnston withdrew and the supply depot remained in Union hands until the end of the war. Nevertheless, an international arbitration court, the first in world history, ultimately awarded the United States 15. Therefore, it was discarded for more brutal tactics, such as thoseshown during the infamous marches of General Sherman.
He suggested that a force of 60,000 men, accompanied by gunboats, should pass along the Mississippi to make it secure for Union in a line from the Illinois city of Cairo to the Gulf of Mexico. Proposed by General-in-Chief Winfield Scott, the plan emphasized the blockade of the Southern ports, and called for an advance down the Mississippi River to cut the South i … n two. A massive invasion along the Mississippi River, meanwhile, would cut off vital transportation and communication routes for the Confederates and open them up for Union troops. The plan also called for moving forces to better protect Washington, D. Scott predicted a two-year war when most were preparing for a single, decisive battle. In the early stage of the war it was not so effective, but after several months, it was getting more and more effective thanks to the constant strengthening of the Union Navy operating along the rivers and especially in the open sea by landing operation on the Confederacy's coasts, port blockades an … d hunting for the blockade runners. Who on this forum is arguing that the Anaconda strategy in and of itself was the totality of Union strategy? What remained was, to some extent, a war of attrition in which Union men and matériel slowly overwhelmed the South.